Cairo is the capital of Egypt, and with over 16 million inhabitants, it ranks as one of the largest cities in Africa. This city of contradictions will enthrall you with its ageless charm. The ancient and the modern co-exist in surprising harmony, and the hospitality and friendliness of its people will set you at ease. Historic Cairo includes the wonders of the pharaohs, as well as a religious heritage embodied in the numerous Jewish, Coptic and Islamic monuments that abound
Founded over 2,300 years ago, Alexandria has witnessed the rise and fall of civilizations, maintaining its unique character and ageless charm. Today, Alexandria is Egypt’s second largest city, with a population of over 3 million, and it is the country’s main seaport. 223 kilometers from Cairo. Alexandria has a history as rich and varied as Cairo's. Alexandria was the capital of Greco-Roman Egypt, and it remains the repository of such historical treasures as the Greco-Roman Museum, Roman Amphitheatre and Catacombs. With its laid back Mediterranean feel, Alexandria offers the traveler a wealth of activities. Using the newly restored Corniche (promenade along the sea coast) you are within walking distance of most of the city sights.
Marine archaeologists have discovered a vast array of underwater artifacts and monuments in the harbor, and some will even allow you to share in the excitement by diving alongside them in this underwater museum
Once it was the center of the ancient world.Luxor is the most important destination for any visitor interested in ancient Egyptian history. This outdoor museum has the largest collection of historical monuments in Egypt, distributed throughout the City of Luxor on the East side of the Nile, the town of Karnak north of Luxor, and Thebes on the west side of the Nile
Aswan is a beautiful city located in Upper Egypt. It was once the gate to Africa and an important ancient trade center. Aswan today offers beautiful natural scenery in addition to numerous sites of interest
Once the ancient kingdom of Kush, Nubian houses archeological sites of great interest: temples, fortresses and tombs. The construction of the High Dam brought up a great danger of over flooding the temples of Philae, Calabash, and Abu Simbel. One can enjoy a cruise in Lake Nasser to explore the New Nubia after relocating the flooded temples.
Located 280 km south of Aswan, the two temples of Abu Simbel are the most magnificent temples in the world. The first temple was built by the mighty pharaoh Ramses II and the other for his wife Queen Nefertari. Their allocation is an achievement that was supported and managed by UNESCO
It is the Site of the Crocodilopolis where the crocodile-headed god Sobek was worshipped, Fayoum is the largest of the desert oasis. It is easily accessible, and offers several sites of historical interest. Nearby are huge, relatively unpolluted freshwater lakes, including Lake Qarun
It is Set in a depression covering over 2000 sq. km., Bahareya Oasis is surrounded by black hills made up of ferruginous quartzite and Dolerite. Most of the villages and cultivated land can be viewed from the top of the 50-meter-high Jebel al-Mi'ysrah, together with the massive dunes which threaten to engulf some of the older settlements. The Oasis was a major agricultural center during the Pharaonic era, and has been famous for its wine as far back as the Middle Kingdom Wildlife is plentiful, especially birds such as wheatears; crops (which only cover a small percentage of the total area) include dates, olives, apricots, rice and corn. There are a number of springs in the area, some are very hot, such as Bir ar-Ramla but probably the best is Bir al-Ghaba, about 10 miles north east of Bawiti (the largest village in the Bahariya Oasis with some 30,000 inhabitants. The town center is modern, while outside the center are mud-brick houses.) There is also Bir al-Mattar, a cold spring which pours into a concrete pool.One of the major highlights one can never miss is a visit to the valley of the Golden Mummies. A Festival of Mummies was discovered recently by an Egyptian team at Bahareya Oasis, located about 380 km west of the pyramids. Four tombs were excavated, and found inside them were 105 mummies, many of them beautifully gilded. These mummies, many sumptuously decorated with religious scenes, represent the best of Roman-Period mummies ever found in Egypt. These ancient remains are around 2000 years old, but they have withstood the test of time remarkably well. Moreover, near the Oasis is the Black desert, formed through wind erosion as the nearby volcanic mountains were spewed over the desert floor. Finally, there are the ruins of a 17th Dynasty temple and settlement, and nearby tombs where there were birds
Approximately 100 km northwest of Sharm El Sheikh lies Dahab, home of one of the most magnificent coral reefs in this area. The natural beauty and serenity of Dahab is breathtaking! Dahab, the Arabic word for "gold' probably derived its name from the fine yellow sand that colors its beaches. The combination of soft sand, gorgeous blue water, and a luxuriant strip of palm trees is attracting serious nature loving holiday makers from all over the world. If you are a diving aficionado don’t miss a trip to the Blue Hole, small & large Gardens and Canyon dive sites. Dahab’s laid back atmosphere is a beautiful backdrop to your diving, shopping or dining experience. The Bedouin village of Asslah affords you the opportunity to eat in a laid back atmosphere at one of the dozens of seaside restaurants, or buy a variety of locally produced clothes, jewelry , and curios at the marketplace
About 28 miles north of Aswan is the Temple of Comombo built on a high dune overlooking the Nile River. Ptolemy VI built the temple in the 2nd century BC but Ptolemy XIII built the outer and inner hypostyle halls. Augustus built the outer enclosure and part of the court around 30 B.C.
The temple is actually made up of two temples: that of Sobek and Haroeris. In ancient time, crocodiles waded in the river. There are two entrances, two courts, two colonnades, two hypostyle halls, and two sanctuaries. There were probably even two sets of priests for the two temples. Foundations are all that are left of the original Pylon. Beyond the Pylon, there was once a staircase in the court that led to a roof terrace. In the southwest corner is the one column that does not echo the duality of the temples. Here, there are scenes depicting purification of the King, his coronation , and his consecration of the Temple. The ceiling has astronomical images. In the anti- chamber, there are scenes depicting the goddess Seshat. Statues to the gods and the builders of the temple once occupied the net room just before the sanctuaries. The ceiling of the pure place to the north still remains with an image of Nut. There is little left of the sanctuaries
The town of Edfu, on the west bank of the Nile 56km south of Esna and 105km north of Aswan. It is nowadays an important center for sugar production and pottery-making. Edfu was the place where the god Horus was worshipped and where the battle between Horus and his traditional enemy Seth(which took place in the ancient mythology ). The main
monument at Edfu is the Ptolemaic Temple of Horus on the edge of the town and was first excavated by August Mariette in the 1860s.
The Temple of Horus at Edfu is the best-preserved ancient temple in Egypt and the second largest after the Temple of Karnak. The temple was built during the six reigns of the Ptolemies on the site of the great battle between Horus and Seth